Famous medical procedures
During the earliest known surgical operations, Neolithic man used polished flint “scalpels” to scrape a hole into the human skull.
Gallbladder removal first appeared in the sources in 1735. It must have been very painful as it was carried out without anesthesia.
Although a Japanese doctor applied general anesthesia during the removal of a breast tumor even in 1804, the practice of the
procedure became widespread only during the American Civil War.
Nitrous oxide was first used for dental anesthesia by Dr. Horace Wells in 1844. The American dentist experimented on himself with the sweet-smelling gas and was able to painlessly remove his patients’ teeth.
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