The skull bone was placed in a miniature stupa. A stupa is a Buddhist shrine which is used as a place of meditation. The model was found in a stone casket which was placed in a crypt of a Buddhist temple located in Nanjing, China. Inscriptions engraved on the model indicate that the object contains the parietal bone of Buddha and the bones of other Buddhist monks.
According to a study published in the journal Chinese Cultural Relics, the small stupa replica, which is decorated with jewels, was made of gold, silver and sandalwood. Inscriptions inscribed on the stone casket say the small reliquary was made during the reign of Song Dynasty ruler Emperor Zhenzong (r. 997-1022 AD).
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