History of the atomic bomb
Scientists of the so-called Manhattan Project, launched with the permission of American President Franklin D. Roosevelt, were the first to build a nuclear bomb. The first nuclear test was carried out in New Mexico on July 16, 1945.
An estimated 600 thousand scientists, engineers and workers of 36 thousand companies worked for the Manhattan Project. A mere one out of every 1,000 people knew what the real goal of the project was.
The project was so secret that in 1943 the Office of Censorship, a wartime agency in the USA, banned the usage of words such as ‘nuclear energy’, ‘plutonium’ and ‘uranium’ in the press.
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